Common Acronyms

Becoming fluent in the language of disability is an important step in becoming an effective advocate, can be beneficial in communicating with special education staff, and is valuable tool in understanding information from medical specialists. Also see our Definitions Section for more information.

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A - C  |  D - H  |  I - M  |   N - Q  |   R - Z

A - C

AAC – Alternative and Augmentative Communication
ABA – Applied Behavior(al) Analysis
ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act
AD/HD – Attention –Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  (DSM-IV replaced terms ADD and ADHD with this combined term)
ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder (now replaced with AD/HD)
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (now replaced with AD/HD)
ADL – Activities of Daily Living
AGI – Adjusted Gross Income
AIT – Auditory Integration Training
ANS – Autonomic Nervous System
APE – Adaptive Physical Education
ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder
ASL – American Sign Language
AT – Assistive Technology
AYP – Adequate Yearly Progress

BIP – Behavior(al) Intervention Plan

CAC Community Alternative Care (Waiver)
CADI – Community Alternatives for Disabled Individuals (Waiver)
CARS – Childhood Autism Rating Scale
CAT Scan – Computer Axial Tomography
CDCS – Consumer Directed Community Supports (Waiver)
CNS – Central Nervous System
COTA – Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
CF – Cystic Fibrosis
CP – Cerebral Palsy

D - H

DAPE – Developmental Adapted Physical Education
DCD – Developmental Cognitive Disability
DD – Developmental Disability or Delay
DHS – (Minnesota) Department of Human Services
DS – Down Syndrome
DSM-IV – Diagnostic Statistical Manual, Edition 4
DT&H – Day Training and Habilitation

EBD – Emotional and Behavioral Disorder
ECFE – Early Childhood Family Education
ECG – Electrocardiogram
ECSE – Early Childhood Special Education
EEG – Electroencephalogram
- Employment Network
English as a Second Language
ER – Evaluation Report
ESY – Extended School Year

FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA – Functional Behavioral Assessment
FC – Facilitated Communication
FDA – Food and Drug Administration

GF/CF – Gluten Free/Casein Free
GRH – Group Residential Housing

HI – Hearing Impaired or Impairment
HCBS – Home and Community-Based  Waiver Services

I - M

IADL - Instrumental Activity of Daily Living
Intermediate Care Facility for Persons with Developmental Disabilities
IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
I/DD -
Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
IEE – Independent Education Evaluation
- Intensive Early Intervention Behavior Therapy (also known as ABA)
Interagency Early Intervention Committee
IEP – Individualized Education Program/Plan
IFSP – Individualized Family Service Plan
IIIP – Individualized Interagency Intervention Plan
ILP – Individual Learning Plan
- Intellectual/Developmental Disability
Independent School District
ISP – Individual Service Plan
ISS – In-School Suspension

LD – Learning Disability
LRE – Least Restrictive Environment

MA – Medical Assistance
MA-EPD – Medical Assistance Employed Persons with Disabilities
MCA – Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments
MDE – Minnesota Department of Education
MDH - Minnesota Department of Health
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

N - Q

NF – Nursing Facility
National Institutes of Health
NLD – Nonverbal Learning Disability

OCD – Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCR – Office For Civil Rights
ODD – Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OHI – Other Health Impairment
OT – Occupational Therapy or Therapist

PASS - Plan for Achieving Self Support
Personal Care Assistance or Assistant
PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PDD/NOS – Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified
- Private Duty Nursing
PE –
Physical Education
Picture Exchange Communication System
PET Scan – Positron Emission Tomography
PI – Physically Impaired
PLAAFP – Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance
PLP – Present Level of Performance
PT – Physical Therapy or Therapist

R - Z

RS – Related Services

SEAC – Special Education Advisory Council
SI – Sensory Integration
SIB – Self-Injurious Behavior
SILS – Semi-Independent Living Skills
SLD – Specific Learning Disability
SLP – Speech and Language Pathologist
SLS – Supervised Living Services
SLT – Speech and Language Therapy or Therapist
SMRT – State Medical Review Team
SMI – Severely Multiply Impaired
Social Security Administration
- Social Security Disability Income
Supplemental Security Income

TEFRA – Tax Equity & Fiscal Responsibility Act
TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury (Waiver)

VI – Visual Impairment